Characteristics of the Body of Christ in ROMANS

Characteristics of the Body of Christ in ROMANS

If you've yet to do so, you're invited to read Who We Are (and Are Not) on the previous page for an explanation of the list below.

Click in the box below to scroll through the verses.

Who We Are (and Are Not) Given This, Walk This Way
  • Called of Jesus Christ (Rom. 1:6)
  • Beloved of God (Rom. 1:7)
  • Called as saints [holy ones] (Rom. 1:7)

  • Hearts circumcised by the Spirit, not the Law (Rom. 2:29)
  • Praised by God, not by men (Rom. 2:29)
  • Have the righteousness of God through faith in Christ (Rom. 3:22)
  • Have sinned (Rom. 3:23)
  • Have fallen short of the glory of God (Rom. 3:23)
  • Now justified by God's gift of grace (Rom. 3:24)
  • Now redeemed through Christ (Rom. 3:24)
  • The visible demonstration on earth of God's righteousness (Rom. 3:26)
  • Justified by faith, not works (Rom. 3:28)

  • Lawless deeds are forgiven (Rom. 4:7)
  • Sins are covered (Rom. 4:7)
  • Sin is not taken into account (Rom. 4:8)
  • Follow the faith of Abraham (Rom. 4:12)
  • Promised righteousness (Rom. 4:16)
  • Justified by faith (Rom. 5:1)
  • Have peace with God (Rom. 5:1)
  • Stand in God's grace (Rom. 5:2)
  • Rejoice in hope of God’s praise (Rom. 5:2)
  • Rejoice in persecution (Rom. 5:3)
  • In whose hearts & minds the love of God has been poured out (Rom. 5:5)
  • Given the Spirit (Rom. 5:5)
  • Formerly helpless [weak, feeble] (Rom. 5:6)
  • Formerly ungodly (Rom. 5:6)
  • Formerly sinners (Rom. 5:8)
  • Now justified by Christ's blood (Rom. 5:9)
  • Will be saved from God's wrath (Rom. 5:9)
  • Were God's enemies (Rom. 5:10)
  • Shall be saved (Rom. 5:10)
  • Reconciled to God (Rom. 5:10)
  • Exult in God (Rom. 5:11)
  • Received abundance of grace (Rom. 5:17)
  • Will reign through Christ (Rom. 5:17)
  • Formerly condemned (Rom. 5:18)
  • Now have life (Rom. 5:18)
  • Were made sinners (Rom. 5:19)
  • Will be made righteous (Rom. 5:19)

  • Have died to Sin (Rom. 6:2)
  • No longer live in Sin (Rom. 6:2)
  • Baptized into Christ (Rom. 6:3)
  • Baptized into Christ's death (Rom. 6:3)
  • Buried with Christ into death (Rom. 6:4)
  • Walk in newness of life (Rom. 6:4)
  • Died with Christ (Rom. 6:5)
  • Will be raised like Christ was (Rom. 6:5)
  • Old Self was crucified with Christ (Rom. 6:6)
  • Body of Sin made powerless (Rom. 6:6)
  • No longer servants to Sin (Rom. 6:6)
  • Dead to sin (Rom. 6:7)
  • Freed from Sin (Rom. 6:7)
  • Died with Christ (Rom. 6:8)
  • Shall live with Christ (Rom. 6:8)




  • Alive from the dead (Rom. 6:13)
  • Instruments of righteousness (Rom. 6:13)




  • Not under law (Rom. 6:14)
  • Under grace (Rom. 6:14)
  • Sin is not master (Rom. 6:14)

  • Not servants of Sin (Rom. 6:18)
  • Servants of righteousness (Rom. 6:18)
  • Weak in own strength (Rom. 6:19)

  • Formerly servants of Sin (Rom. 6:20)
  • Formerly not ruled by righteousness (Rom. 6:20)
  • Now freed from Sin (Rom. 6:22)
  • Now servants to God (Rom. 6:22)
  • Have received holiness leading to eternal life (Rom. 6:22)
  • Made to die to the Law through the body of Christ (Rom. 7:4)
  • Joined to Christ (Rom. 7:4)
  • Might bear fruit for God (Rom. 7:4)
  • Formerly in the flesh (Rom. 7:5)
  • Formerly bore fruit for death (Rom. 7:5)
  • Released from the Law (Rom. 7:6)
  • Have died to the Law (Rom. 7:6)
  • Not bound by the Law (Rom. 7:6)
  • Serve in newness of the Spirit [not oldness of the letter] (Rom. 7:6)

For the following characteristics, see the Addendum on Rom. 7 below regarding alternative views

  • Came to know sin through the Law (Rom. 7:7)
  • Formerly
    • In whom Sin was alive because of the Law (Rom. 7:9)
    • Condemned to death by the Law (Rom. 7:9-10)
    • Deceived by sin and killed by the Law (Rom. 7:11)
    • Of the flesh [without strength] (Rom. 7:14)
    • Sold into bondage to sin (Rom. 7:14)
    • Without understanding (Rom. 7:15)
    • Unable to attain righteousness (Rom. 7:15)
    • Demonstrated by disobedience that the Law is good (Rom. 7:16)
    • Sin dwelt within, producing unrighteousness (Rom. 7:17)
    • Nothing good dwelt within (Rom. 7:18)
    • Conflicted (Rom. 7:18-25)
      • Desired to be righteous but unable (Rom. 7:18)
      • Could not practice righteousness (Rom. 7:19)
      • Could only practice evil (Rom. 7:19)
      • Sin dwelt within (Rom. 7:20)
      • Forced by sin to pursue unrighteousness (Rom. 7:20)
      • Evil present within (Rom. 7:21)
      • Joyfully agreed in the inner man [with the heart] with the Law’s condemnation (Rom. 7:22)
      • Had an opposing law that waged war against the heart’s desires (Rom. 7:23)
      • Imprisoned by the law of sin within (Rom. 7:23)
      • A wretched man (Rom. 7:24)
      • Served the Law of God with the mind, but served the law of Sin with the flesh [in weakness] (Rom. 7:25)
  • Now
    • Not condemned by the Law through Jesus Christ (Rom. 7:25a, 8:1)
    • Set free by the Spirit of life in Christ from the law of sin and of death (Rom. 8:2)
    • In whom sin has been condemned [cut off, removed] (Rom. 8:3)
    • In whom the requirement of the Law for righteousness is fulfilled (Rom. 8:4)
    • Do not now walk according to the flesh (Rom. 8:4)
    • Now walk according to the Spirit (Rom. 8:4)
    • Mind is not set on things of the flesh (Rom. 8:5)
    • Mind is set on the things of the Spirit (Rom. 8:5)
      • Mind is not set on death (Rom. 8:6)
      • Mind is set on life and peace (Rom. 8:6)
      • Not in the flesh (Rom. 8:9)
      • In the Spirit (Rom. 8:9)
      • In whom the Spirit of God dwells (Rom. 8:9)
  • Christ is in the body (Rom. 8:10)
  • Physical body is dead because of sin (Rom. 8:10)
  • Spirit is alive because of righteousness (Rom. 8:10)
  • Not obligated to the flesh (Rom. 8:12)
  • Not obligated to live according to the flesh (Rom. 8:12)
  • Obligated to the Spirit (Rom. 8:12) [implied]
  • Obligated to live according to the Spirit (Rom. 8:12) [implied]

  • Led by the Spirit (Rom. 8:14)
  • Sons of God (Rom. 8:14)
  • Do not have a spirit of slavery leading to fear (Rom. 8:15)
  • Adopted by God through the Spirit (Rom. 8:15)
  • Children of God (Rom. 8:16)
  • Heirs of God (Rom. 8:17)
  • Fellow heirs with Christ (Rom. 8:17)
  • Suffer with Christ (Rom. 8:17)
  • Will be glorified with Christ (Rom. 8:17)
  • Have the first fruits of adoption through the Spirit (Rom. 8:23)
  • Physical body will be redeemed (Rom. 8:23)
  • Saved in hope (Rom. 8:24)
  • Foreknown by God (Rom. 8.29)
  • Predestined to be conformed to the image of God’s Son (Rom. 8:29)
  • Called by God (Rom. 8:29)
  • Justified (Rom. 8:30)
  • Glorified (Rom. 8:30)
  • Inseparable from God (Rom. 8:35)
  • Put to death all day long (Rom. 8:36)
  • Considered as sheep to be slaughtered (Rom. 8:36)
  • Exercise rule over enemies (Rom. 8:37)
  • Of Israel (Rom. 9:6)
  • Children of the promise (Rom. 9:8)
  • Abraham’s descendants (Rom. 9:7)
  • Molded by God (Rom. 9:20)
  • Clay in the Potter’s hands (Rom. 9:21)
  • Were vessels of wrath prepared for destruction (Rom. 9:22)
  • Now vessels of mercy prepared beforehand for glory (Rom. 9:23)
  • Called by God (Rom. 9:24)
  • Were not His people but now His people (Rom. 9:25)
  • Was not beloved but now beloved (Rom. 9:25)
  • Called sons of the living God (Rom. 9:26)
  • A remnant to be saved (Rom. 9:27)
  • The posterity of the promised covenant (Rom. 9:29)
  • Have laid hold of righteousness by faith (Rom. 9:30)
  • Believes in Christ (Rom. 9:33)
  • Not put to shame (Rom. 9:33)
  • Subjected to the righteousness of God (Rom. 10:3)
  • Received righteousness through Christ (Rom. 10:4)
  • Heart & mouth filled with faith (Rom. 10:8)
  • Those who call on the Lord (Rom. 10:13)
  • Saved (Rom. 10:13)
  • Have heard the word of faith (Rom. 10:18)
  • Have found God (Rom. 10:19)
  • To whom God revealed Himself (Rom. 10:19)
  • Chosen by God (Rom. 11:7)
  • Saved by our transgression (Rom. 11:11)
  • Holy because Christ is holy (Rom. 11:16)
  • A wild olive tree grafted into a holy root (Rom. 11:17)
  • Partaker of the rich root of the olive tree (Rom. 11:17
  • Supported by Christ (Rom. 11:18)


  • Stand by faith (Rom. 11:20)


  • Recipient of God’s kindness (Rom. 11:22)
  • Cut off [away from] what is by nature a wild olive tree [the body of Sin/Satan] (Rom. 11:24)
  • Grafted into a cultivated olive tree [the body of Christ] (Rom. 11:24)



  • Once disobedient to [did not follow) God (Rom. 11:30)
  • Now received mercy from God (Rom. 11:31)
  • Were shut up in disobedience by God (Rom. 11:32)












  • Individually members of one body (Rom. 12:4)
  • One body in Christ (Rom. 12:5)
  • Individually members of one another (Rom. 12:5)
  • Individually have gifts according to the grace given each (Rom. 12:6)








































































  • Accepted by God (Rom. 14:3)
  • Do not live or die for ourselves (Rom. 14:7)
  • Live and die for the Lord (Rom. 14:8)
  • Are the Lord’s (Rom. 14:8)
  • Will stand before the judgment seat of God (Rom. 14:10)
  • Will each give an account to God (Rom. 14:12)















  • Accepted by Christ to the glory of God (Rom. 15:7)




  • Full of goodness (Rom. 15:14)
  • Filled with all knowledge (Rom. 15:14)
  • Able to admonish one another (Rom. 15:14)
  • Saints [holy ones] (Rom. 16:2)






  • Be established [be strengthened] (Rom. 1:11)
  • Encourage faith in one another (Rom. 1:12)













  • Do not do away with or dismiss the Law because of faith (Rom. 3:31)



























  • Do not believe that grace can be increased by continuing to sin (Rom. 6:1)














  • Consider yourselves dead to Sin (Rom. 6:11)
  • Consider yourselves alive to God (Rom. 6:11)
  • Do not let Sin rule in your [plural] mortal body [singular] (Rom. 6:12)
  • Do not continue to present the members of your body to Sin (Rom. 6:13)
  • Present yourselves to God as those alive from the dead (Rom. 6:13)
  • Present your members as instruments of righteousness to God (Rom. 6:13)



  • Do not believe that being free from the Law and under grace gives license to sin (Rom. 6:15)

  • Present your members as slaves to righteousness, resulting in sanctification (Rom. 6:19)



















  • Do not believe that the Law is sin (Rom. 7:7)















































































  • By the Spirit, put to death the misdeeds of the Body (Rom. 8:13)
































































  • Do not be arrogant toward the branches [Israel) that was broken off the tree (Rom. 11:18)
  • Do not be conceited, but fear that God will not spare you [if you fall away from faith as did Israel] (Rom. 11:20)
  • Continue in His kindness, otherwise you will be cut off as was unbelieving Israel (Rom. 11:22)


  • Do not be uninformed of the mystery of God that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come (Rom. 11:25)
  • Do not be wise in your own estimation (Rom. 11:25)


  • Given God’s mercy & all He has done, present your bodies as a living & holy sacrifice, acceptable to God (Rom. 12:1)
  • Do not be conformed to this world (Rom. 12:2)
  • Be transformed by the renewing of your mind so that you may be able to discern the will of God (Rom. 12:2)
  • Discern what is good, acceptable and perfect (Rom. 12:2)
  • Do not think more highly of yourself than you ought to think (Rom. 12:3)
  • Think so as to have sound judgment (Rom. 12:3)





  • Exercise the gifts given to each accordingly (Rom. 12:6)
  • Let love be without hypocrisy (Rom. 12:9)
  • Abhor what is evil (Rom. 12:9)
  • Cling to what is good (Rom. 12:9)
  • Be devoted to one another in brotherly love (Rom. 12:10)
  • Give preference to one another in honor (Rom. 12:10
  • Do not be lacking in (Rom. 12:11-13)
    • Diligence
    • A fervent spirit
    • Serving the Lord
    • Rejoicing in hope
    • Persevering in tribulation
    • Devotion in prayer
    • Contributing to the needs of the saints
    • Practicing hospitality
  • Bless those who persecute you (Rom. 12:14)
  • Do not curse those who persecute you (Rom. 12:14)
  • Rejoice with those who rejoice (Rom. 12:15)
  • Weep with those who weep (Rom. 12:15)
  • Be of the same mind toward one another (Rom. 12:16)
  • Do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly (Rom. 12:16)
  • Do not be wise in your own estimation (Rom. 12:16)
  • Never pay back evil for evil to anyone (Rom. 12:17)
  • Respect what is right in the sight of all men (Rom. 12:17)
  • Whenever possible, be at peace with all men (Rom. 12:18)
  • Never take your own revenge, but leave room for the wrath of God (Rom. 12:19)
  • Do not be overcome by evil (Rom. 12:21)
  • Overcome evil with good (Rom. 12:21)
  • Subject yourself to governing authorities as those established by God (Rom. 13:1)
  • Do what is good and God’s ministering authorities will minister good to you (Rom. 13:3)
  • Be afraid if you do what is evil for God’s ministering authorities bring wrath on the one who practices evil (Rom. 13:4)
  • Render to all ministering authorities what is due them (Rom. 13:7)
  • Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another (Rom. 13:8)
  • Do not commit adultery (Rom. 13:9)
  • Do not murder (Rom. 13:9)
  • Do not steal (Rom. 13:9)
  • Do not covet (Rom. 13:9)
  • Love your neighbor as yourself (Rom. 13:9)
  • Know that it is time to awaken from sleep for salvation is near (Rom. 13:11)
  • Lay aside the deeds of darkness (Rom. 13:12)
  • Put on the armor of light (Rom. 13:12)
  • Behave properly, not in (Rom. 13:13)
    • Carousing
    • Drunkenness
    • Sexual promiscuity
    • Sensuality
    • Strife
    • Jealousy
  • Put on the Lord Jesus Christ (Rom. 13:14)
  • Make no provision for the desires of the flesh (Rom. 13:14)
  • Accept the one who is weak in faith (Rom. 14:1)
  • Do not pass judgment on his opinions (Rom. 14:1)






  • Do not judge one another (Rom. 14:13)
  • Do not put an obstacle or stumbling block in another’s path (Rom. 14:13)
  • Do not let what is for you a good thing be spoken of as evil (Rom. 14:16)
  • Pursue the things which make for peace (Rom. 14:19)
  • Pursue the things which build up one another (Rom. 14:19)
  • Bear the weaknesses of those without strength (Rom. 15:1)
  • Do not just please yourself (Rom. 15:1)
  • Strive to please your neighbor for his good, to build him up (Rom. 15:2)
  • Be of the same mind with one another according to Christ (Rom. 15:5)
  • With one mind glorify God (Rom. 15:6)
  • Accept one another as Christ accepted us (Rom. 15:7)
  • Abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit (Rom. 15:13)

Addendum on Romans 7

When it comes to interpreting who Paul intended the “I” or “wretched man” to represent in Rom. 7:7-25, there are four primary perspectives among theologians and scholars; that Paul is describing:

  • Himself as a present-day regenerate believer in his ongoing struggle against indwelling sin;
  • His personal experience as Saul of Tarsus prior to his conversion experience on the Damascus Road;
  • The history of Old Testament Israel in its strivings to achieve righteousness under the Law;
    The experience of the whole human race in Adam locked into bondage to Sin and outside of the New Covenant in Christ.

The first two are individual interpretations, while in the second two the “I” is corporate—that is, Paul is role-playing; putting on the robe of Israel’s Prophets, such as Isaiah & Habakkuk before him, in personifying man’s collective condition outside of the New Covenant of grace.

Full disclosure—I favor either the third or fourth view, which is why none of the characteristics Paul uses in this section (e.g. “wretched man,” “sold into bondage under sin,” etc.) are listed as describing who we now are in Christ. They are included, but presented by implication as characteristic of who or what we were, but are no longer.

For further reading I suggest Robert Reymond’s paper Whom Does the Man in Romans 7:14-25 Represent for a balanced discussion of the various individual views, and Romans: The Divine Marriage by Tom Holland, a verse-by-verse exegesis of the Book of Romans from a corporate perspective.